Last year, Massachusetts passed the Massachusetts Paid Family and Medical Leave Act (PFML).
The law entitles all Massachusetts employees and some independent contractors paid family leave of up to 12 weeks to care for a family member and paid medical leave of up to 20 weeks for a non-work-related injury or illness. (Read more about paid leave in Massachusetts here.)
The law benefits employers and employees who may need to take leave for the above reasons. The benefit is shared, which means employers and employees each pay a portion of the premium. But the onus is on employers to adhere to the law and to understand the benefits available.
Benefits don’t go into effect until January 1, 2021, but Massachusetts business owners should educate themselves on the law now. They can start paying premiums for Massachusetts Paid Family Medical Leave as early as this month.
Massachusetts business owners can privatize benefits under the Massachusetts Paid Family and Medical Leave Act, gaining personalized service and better rates. By law, private benefits must be as good – or better – than the state-funded plan.
Business owners should not go it alone. DBL Center and its vast network of brokers can help business owners understand the advantages of privatizing PFML coverage for cost savings and better service.
Who Is Subject to the Law?
The new law applies to all the employers and businesses with more than one Massachusetts employee, though with limited exception.
The law covers:
- Massachusetts employees
- 1099-MISC contractors
- Self-employed individuals
Calculating Massachusetts Paid Family and Medical Leave Act Premiums
Premium payments, often a combination of employer and employee contributions, depend upon the makeup of the company’s workforce.
To ensure an accurate premium bill, Massachusetts business owners should ensure they are correctly reporting the size and makeup of their workforce in Massachusetts to the Department of Family and Medical Leave. The total workforce generally includes:
- All Massachusetts W2 employees (part-time, full-time, seasonal)
- 1099-MISC contractors only if they comprise more than 50% of the total workforce
Under the law, Massachusetts employers are responsible for providing coverage for all W-2 employees. However, 1099-MISC contractors are included in the total number of covered individuals only if they comprise more than 50 percent of the total workforce, which means W2 workers and 1099-MISC contractors combined. It’s also worth remembering that a contractor is considered a 1099-MISC only if they are paid a minimum of $600 in the tax year.
Employers are not required to provide Massachusetts Paid Family and Medical Leave Act coverage to 1099 contractors, even if they make up 50% of the workforce.
Who Pays the Premium?
Employers who employ 25 employees or more are required to make a contribution of 0.75 percent of eligible payroll to the Department of Family and Medical Leave.
This contribution may be split between the employer contribution and employee payroll deductions. Payments will help the state of Massachusetts to fund both family and medical paid leaves.
Employers with less than 25 employees must make contributions to the Department of Family and Medical leave, but they are not responsible for paying the employer’s share. PFML in Massachusetts is fully funded by employee contributions for businesses with under 25 lives.
What Should Employers Do?
Employers should calculate the number of covered individuals you employ and get in touch with their accountant and payroll provider to make sure that they are prepared to start deducting premiums.
Then they should get in touch with a local broker who can help Massachusetts business owners save money by privatizing Massachusetts Paid Family and Medical Leave Act coverage.
As experts in statutory disability and PFL coverage across the Northeast United States, The DBL Center is prepared to help Massachusetts brokers help employers find the best rates for PFML.
The DBL Center and our brokers are ready to deliver superior service as business owners navigate a new world under the Massachusetts Paid Family and Medical Leave Act.